The examination confirms that the cervix is fully dilated. Finally, there is the transition phase. A episiotomy should not be done routinely in primigravidas. The latent phase varies from woman to woman and from labor to labor. This begins when contractions start, and it is the longest stage of labor. The patient must bear down as strongly as possible during these attempts to deliver the shoulders. Skills: Examination of the breasts Objectives History taking Examination of the breasts 2. Good communication between the patient and the person conducting the delivery is very important during labour. Stage One During the first stage, the woman reaches full cervical dilatation. Staying Healthy During Pregnancy.
The Three Stages of Labor
Between the early stages of labor to the point of delivery, the cervix 8 cm, the size of an apple; 9 cm, the size of a donut; 10 cm, the size of a.
During labor, the cervix opens to accommodate the passage of baby's head into the vagina, which is around 10 centimeters (cm) dilated for most term babies. Thinning (effacement) and opening (dilation) of the cervix. During the first stage of labor, contractions help your cervix to thin and begin to open. During this stage, your cervix will widen to about 10 centimeters. This first stage of labor usually lasts about 12 to 13 hours for a first baby, and 7 to 8 hours for a second child.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
Equipment which may be required must be at hand and in good working order.
For first-time mothers, this can take 2 to 3 hours, so it's important to save your energy and pace yourself. With every uterine contraction and attempt at bearing down there should be some progress in the descent of the fetal head onto the perineum. Drugs which may be needed must be easily available.
to open (dilate) and ends when it is completely open (fully dilated) at 10 centimeters. When the cervix dilates from 4 to 8 centimeters (called the Active Phase).
Video: 8 9-cm dilated which stage of labor Active management of the third stage of labour
The third stage of labour is the delivery of the placenta. you start having contractions until the time that your cervix is fully dilated, or open. In the active phase, your cervix will continue to open, to about 8 cm (3 inches).
Video: 8 9-cm dilated which stage of labor Use 6-cm dilation to judge labor progress
The next portion of the first stage of labor is the active phase. For most women, dilation goes from 3 to 4 centimeters to 8 to 9 centimeters.
Usually primigravidas only reach full cervical dilatation after the fetal head has engaged.
Maternal Care 9. The second stage of labour
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy Objectives The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy The classification of hypertension during pregnancy Pre-eclampsia Patients at increased risk of pre-eclampsia The management of pre-eclampsia The emergency management of severe pre-eclampsia and imminent eclampsia The management of eclampsia The further management of severe pre-eclampsia and imminent eclampsia at the referral hospital Gestational hypertension Chronic hypertension Postpartum hypertension Case studies 3a.
Antenatal care Objectives Goals of good antenatal care Diagnosing pregnancy The first antenatal visit Determining the duration of pregnancy Side-room and special screening investigations The second antenatal visit Assessing the results of the screening investigations Grading the risk Subsequent visits The visit at 28 weeks The visit at 34 weeks The visit at 41 weeks Managing pregnant women with HIV infection Case studies 1a.
A prolonged second stage is diagnosed and the doctor is called to assess the patient.
Stage Three The third stage of labor is the passage of the placenta.